French Ministry in charge of Ecology and I4CE. Key Figures on Climate France and Worldwide 2016.
Key figures on climate change, emissions of greenhouse gases, France, Europe, World, with a reminder of the main international policies. Page 34: real estate assets greenhouse gas emissions would have been stable in France between 1990 and 2013. They declined slightly on average in the EU between 1990 and 2012.
Novethic Barometer 2014. Environmental commitments in the French listed real estate sector.
The environmental practices of the top 20 French listed property companies, particularly in terms of quantified objectives and monitoring the achievement of these objectives. Six companies stand out among the 20: GECINA, UNIBAIL-RODAMCO, KLEPIERRE, ALTAREA COGEDIM, FONCIERE DES REGIONS, SOCIETE FONCIERE LYONNAISE.
International Energy Agency. World Energy Outlook 2013. October 2013.
Some learnings, among others : As the source of two-thirds of global greenhouse-gas emissions, the energy sector will be pivotal in determining whether or not climate change goals are achieved. A renewed focus on energy efficiency is taking hold and is set to deliver benefits that extend well beyond improvements in competitiveness. The Middle East, the only large source of low-cost oil, remains at the centre of the longer-term oil outlook. Renewables account for nearly half of the increase in global power generation to 2035, with variable sources – wind and solar photovoltaics – making up 45% of the expansion in renewables.
BPIE. Europe s buildings under the microscope. 2011
The Buildings Performance Institute Europe analysed the European real estate portfolio, country per country, and elaborated several refurbishment 2050 scenarios. The two stage refurbishment scenario between now and 2050 is the most cost-efficient.
Carassus J. Are Green Office Buildings keeping their promises? CSTB-CERTIVEA. March 2011.
This study, made for French Research Institute CSTB and Certifier CERTIVEA answered five questions: 1/ What is the actual performance of certified office buildings? 2/ Is there a trend towards measuring actual performance? 3/ What link is there between performance and real estate value? 4/ What is the advantage of HQE® IN USE certification? 5/ What transformations in Construction and Property Industry are necessary for management based on actual performance?
European Directive 2010/31/EU of 19 May 2010 on the Energy Performance of Buildings.
Directive 2010/31/EU of 19 May 2010 on the Energy Performance of Buildings recasts Directive 2002/91/CE of 16 December 2002. It specifies a very ambitious objective for new construction (zero energy in 2020) and defines elements of an action plan for existing buildings (reinforced and controlled energy certificates, energy performance stated in the advertisements in commercial media and displayed in public buildings, minimum energy requirements for major renovations, Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning inspections…). Actually Directive specifies the contents of close future regulations of the 27 countries members of European Union.
WBCSD. Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Facts and Trends. Report n°1. July 2008.
The Energy Efficiency in Buildings project is an interesting business oriented project monitored by World Business Council for Sustainable Development. It gathers 14 multinational firms supervised by Lafarge and United Technologies Corporation. Report n°1 highlighted 4 key elements: regulations, holistic building approach, finance and behavior.
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